Port is a transport chain hub that connects land and maritime transport. Port has a number of operators, which together affect the functioning of a port.
Port authority manages port. They are often municipal enterprises or joint-stock companies owned by local authorities. Port authority’s task is to build efficient infrastructure (e.g. docks, storage areas, data communications, roads and railways), which creates good conditions for providing its customers high-quality logistics services.
Port authority charges port operators a number of different types of payments such as the port charges, passenger fees, freight charges, removal of vessels and mooring fees, water fees and sewage fees, piloting fees, storage fees and rentals.
Port operator is a logistics operator specialized in stevedoring operations. Port operator’s tasks include loading goods and transport units and mooring to vessels or other means of transport, unloading ships or other means of transport as well as other forms of cargo handling inside the port area.
In addition, shipping and land transport companies also operate in the port. Other operators in the port include maritime and environmental authorities, border patrol and police, piloting and icebreaking service providers as well as ship food suppliers, fuel, maintenance and towing service providers.
In the port is also a large number of maintenance and repair companies and in the container port is one or more of the so-called container depot, which receives and maintains containers arriving at the port, informs their location and condition to the container owner and repairs as needed.