The most essential factors in road transport pricing are distance, term of delivery, customer relationship and necessary additional services and additional fuel payment determined by fuel prices. Additional services may include defined transport temperature, distribution on a certain time, terminal processes and use of an assistant.
Transportation is carried out and charged on the basis of bill of lading. Determination of freight cost can be based on actual weight, volume weight, pallet weight or load meter or length coefficient. The baseline is to use actual weight when determining freight cost. If the actual weight is not suitable for pricing determination due to the volume or cargo load than determine computational freight weight. For example, a large amount of down takes a lot of space, but does not weigh much. Therefore, it is more reasonable to price it by volume than by weight.
Freight weight is a mass needed in defining a transport price. Computational freight weight of 333 kg is often used in one cubic meter of space when on top of it or below it can be loaded other goods. From this can be calculated volumetric weight or the actual volume x freight weight (m3 x 333 kg). This volumetric weight can be used as a determination for freight cost, if the actual weight is less than 333 kg/m3 and on top of it or below can be loaded other goods. Due to profitability of transport operations, it is essential that sender marks freight weight properly.
Pallet weight can be determination for freight cost, if on top of it or below can not be loaded other goods. Pallet weight is defined for different types of pallets. E.g. FIN – pallet’s weight can be defined as 925 kg / pallet.
Load meter can be determination for freight cost if the cargo fills the cargo space fully by width and height. Load meter weight is determined on the basis of two FIN – pallets often of 1850 kg . Different companies have different ways to ”round off” figures, which is why there is also a 2000 kg load meter weight.
The actual weight must be notified to the driver due to the axel mass, the total mass of the cargo and the binding. Different determination of freight examples are below in the picture.
Freight weight is used in determination of freight cost and it can be calculated in three different ways by using freight’s actual weight, cubic weight or pallet weight in the picture (DB Schenker) from left to right.